The genesis of Aerosmith began in late 1969 in Sunapee, New Hampshire. Guitarist Joe Perry was working at a local restaurant called the Anchorage and occasionally jammed after-hours with a friend, bassist Tom Hamilton, in a group called The Jam Band. Steven Tallarico was a young drummer and singer trying to make it in the music business in New York, but at this time was spending his summer in Sunapee as his family had for years. By chance he met up with Perry and was invited to watch the Jam Band rehearse. What Tallarico heard gave him pause, and by the next summer, he had hitchhiked back from New York to join the boys in their band. Deciding to take their music to a bigger-city venue, the three moved to Boston, sharing an apartment near the Boston University Campus. Steven's friend Ray Tabano was brought in from New York to play rhythm guitar, and drummer Joey Kramer dropped out of Berklee School of Music to be in the band. Steven Tallarico changed his name to Steven Tyler; the group also got a new name, thanks to drummer Kramer - a rock group name which he'd been sitting on since high school: Aerosmith.
Although inexperienced and not yet masters of their instruments, Aerosmith gave it everything they had, rehearsing constantly and writing new material. During the rest of 1970 and early '71 the group played anywhere they could, from high school dances to civic halls. One way they attempted to get their name out was to set up and play outside the Bostun U. student union at lunchime; it didn't help their careers, but it almost certainly got them the attention of college girls. One way Aerosmith stood out from other local bands is that they refused to be a 'house band' for any of the local clubs - they had seen what effect a weekly gig grind had done to other good bands, and although it worked for some (Van Halen being an example in L.A.) they knew it wasn't for them. It was at this time that Tabano was replaced with 19-year-old Brad Whitford, already a very skilled guitar player. This lineup would be stay together, with occasional breaks, for the next 35 years.
The band's first real break came when they were forced to find new rehearsal space, in Boston's Fenway Theater. The venue's owner, impressed with the group's burgeoning talent, introduced them to 'Father' Frank Connelly, a local music promotor. Connelly liked what he heard, and became their manager; he immediately put the boys on salary (taking them off the knife-edge of poverty on which they'd been living) and started shopping their names around the New York music scene. Connelly formed a partnership with the management team of Steve Leber and David Krebs, and the band was given a chance to play before record company executives. Fortunately, they were able to sway Clive Davis, president of Columbia Records, to give them a recording deal worth $125,000.
The band was excited - and nervous - to be in the recording studio for the first time, but they were ready. The group had been working up songs for some time, including a slower rock ballad that built to a powerful climax, very much along the lines of similar arena-rock anthems of the time such as "Stairway to Heaven" or "Free Bird". "Dream On" was released in summer of '73 and became a huge hit within Boston and the surrounding area... but not so much everywhere else.
The problem was that Columbia Records was focusing all its efforts on another home-grown talent, Bruce Springsteen; virtually nothing was left over for Aerosmith, who needed a marketing push to make their name known across the United States. Undaunted, the group began touring in earnest, taking their music out to the kids themselves. On the strength of "Dream On" the group got several top area gigs in music festivals and larger venues, and as time went on they spread out further and further around the country. The song, along with others on the self-titled first Aerosmith album, began to appear on radio stations nationwide. Despite some odd pairings on some concert dates (such as opening for John McLaughlin's jazz-fusion group Vahavishnu Orchestra), the band did well on the road and continued to gain fans with each date.
Get Your Wings, the group's second album, was released in spring of 1974; it spawned a single, "Same Old Song and Dance," which did poorly. The album itself only reached #100 on the Billboard chart; but the thing was, it stayed on the lower end of the chart for months on end. The group was continuing their heavy touring rotation, opening for other hard-rock bands like Blue Oyster Cult and Black Sabbath, and even headlined some second-tier venues. Get Your Wings eventually sold half a million copies that year, and it appeared that the band's probation period was over. By year's end the band was at the top of their form and confident; after all, they had a gold record under their belts. Their next effort, they promised each other, would be the big one.
Toys in the Attic became a multi-million-selling album, one of the best-selling rock albums of the decade. It featured singles such as "Walk This Way" and "Sweet Emotion," which entered heavy rotation on radio stations around the country. Aerosmith had become a top-tier stadium-filling band, alongside the likes of Led Zeppelin and The Who. The group toured relentlessly throughout 1975, selling out concert venues and enjoying their arrival at the top. A fourth album, Rocks, was quickly recorded and released early the next year to capitalize on the group's phenomenal success. It too sold millions of copies within a short time, although it didn't feature any singles reaching higher than #21 on the charts ("Last Child").
Aerosmith had always been a band that worked hard and played hard. After several years and reaching the pinnacle of their profession, the band members were drug-addled and worn out. They had toured almost non-stop for years; the band members' egos clashed; the drug abuse became rampant; even their wives quarreled. Still, realizing they needed to keep it together, the group went back to rehearsals to write and record their upcoming fifth album, Draw the Line. But things went badly; by the summer of '77, the new album still wasn't finished, and tour season was beginning. The group went back out on the road amid problems and conflicts. Steven, one of the worst substance abusers in the group, often passed out onstage; an accident brought the proceedings to a halt when a fan threw a firework on stage in Philadelphia, injuring Steven and Joe. Unable to tour, the group was able to finish Draw the Line and the album quickly reached #11 on the charts.
The summer of 1978 saw Aerosmith touring again, even though the drug abuse and quarreling continued; they continued to play enormous arena and festival gigs despite their internal problems. The group even appeared as bad guys in the abortive Sgt Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band film, alongside the Bee Gees and Peter Frampton (though the less said about the movie, the better). By the spring of the next year, though, things were spiralling out of control. Rehearsals for the group's sixth album, Night in the Ruts, went badly; months passed with little work done and no money coming in. Since the band didn't have an album to promote, they were pulled from a lucrative summer tour - and the individual members found themselves in financial straits.
Things came to a head in the summer of '79. Two of the guys' wives had gotten into an argument, causing the band members to fight among themselves. Joe Perry quit the group and went back to Boston, exhausted and burned out. Joe's departure forced the group to cancel an upcoming fall tour and look for a new guitarist, putting the band in further financial hardship. Joe, in debt to the band, quickly formed a new group, The Joe Perry Project, and began playing gigs in the Boston area. Although guitarist Jimmy Crespo was hired to take Joe's place, fate struck again in autumn of 1980 when Steven had a near-fatal motorcyle accident.
Aerosmith - what remained of the group, anyway - could only sit and watch as younger bands took their place as the kings of rock and roll. Steven was forced to recuperate at home for nearly a year; Joe, having left the group entirely, was living on the road and trying to get his own band going, with no success. Even Brad Whitford quit the group. He was disgusted at the events that had created the band's downfall (at least, the ones that could be controlled) and wanted to work with other musicians. Brad found he couldn't work easily with new guitarist Crespo, and found he simply didn't want to be a part of the group anymore.
It was during this period that the guys hit rock-bottom. Everyone refused to talk to one another; and everyone was broke. Only the drugs continued. Joe, who'd left first, saw his life spiral out of control. Within a short time he was divorced, living in a car, and suffering malnutrition. Something had to be done. In 1984 Joe called Steven at home and the two reconciled their differences. Joe and Brad went around to an Aerosmith gig at the Orpheum in Boston, and after the show everyone agreed that the group had to get back together.
The reunited Aerosmith set about getting themselves back on track. They fired their management, but this wasn't enough; the band was still deeply in debt and had to get out of it somehow. That year they launched their 'Back in the Saddle Tour' to show the world they could still rock. They met with a lot of skepticism; both show promoters and fans remembered how the group would often be too stoned to perform, and Aerosmith knew they could only overcome such attitudes with steady, hard work. The band toured constantly over the next year and were able to pay off their debts; but they knew the best thing for their careers at this point would be to put out a decent-selling album of new material, to show everyone that they had indeed reformed.
Geffen Records took a chance with the aging rockers and bought their contract from Columbia. Things had changed in the music business, however, and Geffen executives had in mind to tailor the 'new' Aerosmith more to popular current tastes. The group's traditional hard- rock sound was softened a bit, or at least updated, for mid-80's teenagers; the band would also have to prove themselves in front of video cameras, since MTV and music videos were what ruled at the time. Ted Templeman, who'd long been Van Halen's producer, worked with the group on 1985's Done With Mirrors, their eighth studio album. It sold 400,000 copies - a respectable amount for a fledgling group, but a disappointment for what was once the most popular rock band in America. Besides which, the guys had not yet given up their mind-altering ways; they still partied hard. Aerosmith needed a boost in confidence.
Run DMC from Queens, New York, were one of the most important early hip-hop groups, helping the musical style break out of urban venues and into a larger American consciousness. In 1986 the trio were planning a rock-rap hybrid by remaking Aerosmith's "Walk This Way," and invited Steven and Joe to appear on the record. The video for the song was pushed heavily on MTV, and the single itself went to #4 on the American charts. The ensuing attention brought Aerosmith onto radio stations nationwide, bringing older fans out of the woodwork and turning on younger listeners as well. The group toured that summer in support of Done With Mirrors, despite the usual quarrels and substance abuse.
By this time, the band members knew they would have to straighten out their act, or fall back into the poverty and obscurity from which they'd recently emerged. The guys spent the rest of the year in rehab, and emerged clean and sober for probably the first time in fifteen years. They quickly got to work on their next album, which was released in the summer of 1987. Still hot from their Run DMC collaboration, Aerosmith was able to get their first single from the album, "Dude (Looks Like A Lady)," into regular MTV rotation. Permanent Vacation became the group's biggest-selling album up to that time, even eclipsing the previous decade's success with Toys in the Attic. Three hit singles were released, the afore-mentioned "Dude" as well as "Rag Doll" and "Angel." Aerosmith was back on top; 1987 saw them launching a 160-city worldwide tour as they once again filled arenas and stadiums.
The group's tenth album, Pump, was released in autumn of 1989 and immediately went Platinum. It included such hit singles as "Love in an Elevator," "What It Takes," and "Janie's Got a Gun," all of which were rotated heavily on radio and on television in the form of expensively-produced music videos. Some longtime fans of the group, amidst the band's phenomenal return success, complained that Aerosmith had sold out; indeed, the group's music was much more commercial and radio-friendly than it had traditionally been. Still, it was hard to argue with success. Sony Music had bought the band's contract in a $30 million deal; the guys were getting an unheard-of 25% royalty and control over their back catalog.
Aerosmith went from strength to strength. The next album, Get A Grip, was instantly successful and quickly went to #1. Singles like "Livin' on the Edge" proved the band could still rock, but it was the album's three strong ballads, "Cryin'," "Amazing," and "Crazy," which proved to be immensely popular. The videos for the songs featured the Catholic-schoolgirl charms of young Alicia Silverstone and were put into constant rotation on MTV. (Steven's daughter Liv was also featured in the video for "Crazy.") Aerosmith launched a 225-city worldwide tour and headlined the much-heralded second Woodstock festival in 1994; they appeared on Saturday Night Live in a well-remembered 'Wayne's World' sketch with Mike Myers and Dana Carvey that would propel that duo's subsequent movie appearance.
Their 12th album, Nine Lives, proved terribly difficult to make and the time was a trying one for the band, even after all the previous tribulations they'd suffered through. Their manager Tim Collins was fired in an emotional break; drummer Joey Kramer suffered from depression. Sony initially rejected the album, fearing it wouldn't meet with nearly the success of their previous effort (as if anything could), but the group persevered. "I Don't Want to Miss a Thing," a single from the album, was used in the soundtrack for the movie Armageddon (in which Steven's daughter Liv had a major role) and became the group's first #1 single.
The group elected to self-produce their next album, Just Push Play, released in 2001; the group performed the album's single "Jaded" during the halftime of that year's Superbowl. In recognition of their career, Aerosmith was inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame. In 2002, a greatest-hits compilation, O Yeah! Ultimate Aerosmith Hits was released. The group went back on the road for the Girls of Summer tour with Kid Rock and pals Run DMC as openers. In 2004, the group released a blues album, Honkin' on Bobo, which had been promised for some time. It was a return to the musical roots of the early Aerosmith from back when they were still playing songs like "Train Kept A-Rollin'" and "Baby Please Don't Go." A live DVD performance, You Gotta Move, was also released. Joe Perry has recently released a Grammy-nominated solo album, Joe Perry.
At the time of this writing, Aerosmith is still going strong and still rocking hard. Steven is recovering from throat surgery but is reported to be doing well. The group will begin working on a new album later this year and are planning to tour in the autumn. It's almost inspiring enough to make one give up drugs.